Breast cancer Treatment Methods
Breast cancer may be treated with local therapy or systemic therapy. Some patients have
both kinds of
breast cancer treatment.
Local therapy is used to remove or destroy breast cancer
in a specific area. Surgery and radiation therapy are local treatments. They are used to treat the disease in
the breast. When breast cancer has spread to other parts
of the body, local therapy may be used to control cancer in those specific areas, such as in the
lung or bone.
Systemic treatments are used to destroy or control cancer throughout the body.
Chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and biological therapy are systemic treatments. Some patients have systemic
therapy to shrink the tumor before local therapy. Others have systemic therapy to prevent the
cancer from coming back, or to treat cancer
that has spread.
Surgery is the most common of treatments for breast cancer
, and there are several types of surgery. The doctor can explain each type, discuss and compare their benefits
and risks, and describe how each will affect the patient's appearance.
- A mastectomy is an operation to remove the breast (or as much of the breast as possible). The option of breast
reconstruction is frequently available either concurrently with the mastectomy or subsequently.
are types of breast-sparing surgery. After breast-sparing surgery, most women receive radiation therapy to
destroy cancer cells that remain in the area.
- An operation to remove the breast (or as much of the breast as possible) is a mastectomy. Breast reconstruction
is often an option at the same time as the mastectomy, or later on.
- To assist identify whether cancer cells have infiltrated the lymphatic system, the surgeon typically also removes
lymph nodes beneath the arm. An axillary lymph node dissection is what this is..
In lumpectomy, the
surgeon removes the breast cancer
and some normal tissue around it. (Sometimes an excisional biopsy serves as a lumpectomy.)
Often, some of the lymph nodes under the arm are removed.
The breast cancer and some surrounding healthy tissue are removed by the surgeon during a lumpectomy.
On occasion, a portion of the lining covering the chest muscles beneath the tumor is also removed. There may
also be some lymph nodes under the arm removed.