Kidney Cancer - Risk Factors
What are the risk factors for kidney cancer(renal cell cancer?)
The exact cause of renal cell cancer is unknown. However, there are certain risk factors that increase the
likelihood of the disease. According to the American Cancer Society, these risk factors include:
Smoking doubles the risk of kidney cancer.
Studies have linked kidney cancer to asbestos exposure.
TKidney cancer and cadmium exposure could be related. Smoking's ability to cause cancer may be enhanced by cadmium.
- family history
A person's risk is increased if they have a family history of kidney cancer.
Men are twice as likely to develop renal cell cancer than women.
- von Hippel-Lindau syndrome
This condition is brought on by a gene mutation that ups the risk of renal cell carcinoma.
- Tuberous Sclerosis
Renal cell cancer strikes men twice as frequently as it strikes women.
A person's risk of kidney cancer is raised by a high-fat diet.
A person's risk of kidney cancer rises with obesity.
- Long-term dialysis
Patients who have been on dialysis for a long time may develop kidney cysts, which may be one cause of
renal cell cancer.
What are the symptoms of renal cell cancer?
The most typical signs and symptoms of renal cell carcinoma are listed below. However, each inpidual may experience symptoms
differently. Symptoms may include:
- blood in the urine
- rapid, unexplained weight loss
- low back pain (not caused by an injury)
- loss of appetite
- swelling of ankles and legs
- mass or lump in the belly
- recurrent fever (not caused by a cold or the flu)
- high blood pressure (less frequently)
- anemia (less frequently)
- unrelieved pain in the side
The signs of renal cell carcinoma might mirror those of other illnesses or issues.. Always consult your
physician for a diagnosis.